Özel Öğretim Yöntemleri

Life-long Learning

Joint Learning Enterprise

  • Always taking responsibility to learn
  • Revising your procedures on a life time span
  • Learner autonomy is extremely important. You can not invest on lifelong learning whiteout autonomy.
  • Self-Assessment
  • Reflective learning

33

  • Social networking is important for language learning.
  • Cooperative Learning – Teaching: teachers working together for the same classes.

If we know the desired outcomes for using that IT technology, it is useful

Action Research

  • The researchers are Teachers + Students
  • Mini self assasseemnt form after the tests and measure the results and identify the problems in order to improve and solve problems which is a very valuable way building a good relationship with the student, progressive teaching and a very indispensable part of the action research is autonomy.
  • Teacher and student cooperation but also it is not something that has to be employed once, if it does that way it would only be a lecture.

In service education

First of all clerification of terminology is very important.

Approach: About our initial question, the way you define language, the way you define. Approach is this understanding of this Lanague learning teaching
Method: The roadmap- plan but it is not just the activity sheets. Aims, specific objectives, teaching content (syllabus), materials, specific procedures and techniques, assessment and evaluation
Process: What do no now and what to do next, how do you things
Technique: Depens on the need and applies on the specific situation.

Within the approach you can use various methodologies

Designer methods: Who created that method would come up with a name. Method if it comes to that point, method is usually used in a very clarified, everything is defined such as Audolingual method, Suggestopedia

Post method: there is no one particular defined method

———————————————

Audio lingual: structuralism

Sytagmatic: you know what words will come in an order
Paradicmatic: you know which item to take out and put another one instead of it

Drills are widely used

Approach to learning is behaviourism,: if you give a stimulus and get a correct respond you gotta continue.

Errors are not tolerate, importance on accuracy

———

TPR is a technique

Silent Way:

—————————————————————————————————

Structural Syllabus: Collection of forms and sturductres usually grammatical of the language being taught
Notinal Syllabus: Collection of the functions that re performed when language is used. Notions that is used to express.
Situational Syllabus: Collection of real or imaginary situations in which language occurs or is used.
Skill Based Syllabus: Collection of specific abilities that may play a part in using language.
Task Based Syllabus: Series of complex and purposeful tasks that the students want or need to perform with the language they are learning.
Content Based Syllabus: Some content or information different from language.

Constructivism (Yapılandırmacı)

  • Knowledge can not be taught but must be constructed by the learner.
  • Constructivist approaches describe how people transform and organise reality according to common intellectual principles as a result of interactions with the environment.
    • You attract meaning to experience depending on the interaction with the environment.
    • It is experience based learning.
  • Effective learning begins from the learner’s active participation in the process of learning.
    • Learners need to be involved in decisions about the content and processes of learning.
      • You should allow space for autonomy.

    You can not teach a notion but you can show ways of it.

    Constructive Approaches to Learning

    • Human brain is not simply a “mental” or “cognitive” apparatus, but is actually a social organ. (Pool 1997)
    • Following a social constructivist view of learning, Human beings create their own notion of reality and give meaning to it through the filtering of their experiences and perceptions in social contexts.
    • The learners should be encouraged to process information, make comparisons, construct knowledge and make critical judgements.

    Learning in Constructivist Classrooms

    • Primary resources are used in the classroom.
      • Authentic (texts that are not produced for the learners)
    • Experiential learning is integrated into the classroom.
    • The lessons build on students’ prior knowledge.
      • Their background knowledge. (You start from what they already know)
    • Constructivist learning is integrated into collaborative and cooperative learning activities.
    • Hands-on activities are integrated into the curriculum.
      • Related to experiential learning
    • Classroom learning is dynamic, ever-changing, evolving, reflective, enquiry-based.

    A Construvisit Frmae for Language Classes

    Initiating U Constructing U Utilising

    1. Connect what they know with the new information. Always dig deeper.
    2. Reengaging it, learning by doing it
    3. Outside of the classroom such as projects

    Cubing Activities

    Describe
    Compare
    Associate
    Analyse
    Apply
    Argue
    

    Leave a Reply

    Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

    WordPress.com Logo

    You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

    Google photo

    You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

    Twitter picture

    You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

    Facebook photo

    You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

    Connecting to %s