English Literature – 2 | 16/04/2019

Coleridge

  • He did not write poetry like Wordsworth. At some point their friendship ended and he moved out of Wordsworth’s house then his opium addiction got more severe and he sought help but wasn’t very successful.

Kubla Khan

  • He wrote these from the visions he saw.
  • Book he had in his hand before this place, gave him inspiration to this man.
  • He brought dualism to this work by combining opposites in one place.

Satanic School

Lord Byron (1788-1824)

  • He was a lord and he looked down upon the common folk.
  • He was brought up as an aristocrat and he had a great wealth.
  • He was in total opposition to the government and to the system such as industrial revolution, he did not like tyranny of the British monarchy and he wanted to show sympathy towards common people who were oppressed by the establishment.
  • He was a great admirer of the Greek civilisation and he helped greeks to gain their independence from the Ottomans.
  • He was a bisexual person who did not believe in marriage. He was an admirer of Satan in the paradise lost, he believed that Satan was an anti-hero.
  • He was a non-conformist.

The Byronic Hero

  • A man who has stronger feelings than most people; suffers more than other men; lives faster than other men and is an outsider to society. He kept a journal and called himself Herald and wrote about the places he saw from Grand Tour.

Don Juan

  • A womaniser character from Lord Byron’s work Don Juan.

Percy Shelley

  • He was also considered satanic and non-conformist.
  • He was an aristocrat and he had a great wealth as well. He studied at Cambridge, he was in poetic circles, he was an admirer of greek mythology and he wasn’t happy with the rules that restricted him. He just wanted to read, write and enjoy the life.
  • He met a man called William Rodwig, that man had a daughter called Mary, she was also a non-conformist and she wanted to publish her own works in a very msynogonistic era. He then became friends with her and then became lovers.
  • Their relationship produced a great deal of poetry. He was a fan of Prometheus from Greek Mythology. Percy believe in productive power of chaos and anarchy. He, too admired John Milton’s Satan.
  • Shelley had ideas of what poetry should be like and what should it do.
    • Poetry is distinguished from prose by virtue of its quality of prophetic (with great power) imagination.
    • Shelley was a believer of extremes.
    • According to Shelley, poets are like Prophets.
  • He was in love with the Italian country and even bought a house from there. In at house there was a spooky story contest and at that night Mary wrote Modern Prometheus aka Frankenstein.
  • When Percy died they found John Keet’s poems in his pockets.

Civil Disobedience

  • Thoreau’s civil disobedience and Gandhi’s passive resistance were influenced and inspired by Shelley’s nonviolence in protest and political action.
  • It is known that Gandhi would often quote Shelley’s “Masque of Anarchy” which has been called “perhaps the first modern statement of the principle of nonviolent resistance.”

John Keats (1795-1821)

Cogni: The term used to refer to low society of the British people.

  • He was more into more humble setting and he wanted to be a surgeon.
  • He had bad health and his brother died from tuberculosis as well as his brother.
  • He was practicing as an assistant in a surgery. He was a self-educated man, he read a lot, he was an introvert, he was very much alone and he fell in love with a young girl who was actually daughter of the neighbour. Her name was Ferry Brown, she was beautiful but she was interested in socialising, she aimed at being an elite but she was interested in Keats, she wanted to take literature classes from Keats and its in this period that we see Ferry Brown chasing into sensitive into literature and falling in love with Keats, during this relationship we see how Keats describes poetry. When you go into a lake you do not have the purpose of finding out dimensions of the like such as how deep it is or wide it is but you just go into the lake because you like the feeling of being in water.
  • Was concerned with morality of imagination, the complex relationship between art and experience and the immortality of art.
  • Was a pictorial poet
    • His poetry is full of visual imagery.
  • Wrote great examples of odes.
    • Odes written to address a concept. So the focus of that poem is only one thing.
  • He believed in immortality of art.

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